The CONVERGENCE Consortium has been built on principles of complementarity of profiles, diversity, efficiency and excellence in the fields of the proposed research, in order to better address the challenges of the proposed research, developments and innovation, from sensors to energy management, wireless communication, signal processing, data mining, wearable application scenarios, trials and validations by gathering all needed competences.
EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne: http://www.epfl.ch/) is one of the two national institutes of technology in Switzerland. It delivers Master and Ph.D. degrees in 13 engineering fields. With over 300 laboratories, the EPFL represents 13,000 people and an annual budget of 850 MCHF. 150 Start-ups were created since 2000. The Nanoelectronic Devices Laboratory (NANOLAB: http://nanolab.epfl.ch/) is working on various subjects in the field of silicon micro/nano-electronics with special emphasis on the technology, design and modeling of low power nanoscale solid-state devices and their integration into smart micro/nano-systems. The mission of our group is to innovate at device and technology level for advanced, state of the art nanoelectronics functionality. The key expertise fields of the Electronics lab (http://elab.epfl.ch/) of the EPFL directed by Prof. Maher Kayal includes analog and mixed -mode IC design, high-performance and tunable sensors microsystems, light sensors, ultra-low power and energy management, signal processing and CAD tools for analog design. It further covers CMOS and SOI devices modeling and characterization, and substrate modeling.

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Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale Lausanne / Faculté Sciences et Technique de l'Ingénieur

Adrian M. Ionescu
Maher Kayal
ETHZ stands for excellent education and pioneering research beneficial for the society. The THE World University Rankings 2015-16 ranks ETH Zurich #9 worldwide, and #1 outside the Anglo- American sphere.
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Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich

Christofer Hierold
Lothar Thiele
The “Consorzio Nazionale Interuniversitario per la Nanoelettronica” (IUNET, Italian Universities Nano-Electronics Team), is a non-profit, private organization, created with the aim to coordinate the research of several Italian university teams active in the field of nanoelectronics. Members of IUNET are the Universities of Bologna, Calabria, Ferrara, Modena e Reggio Emilia, Padova, Perugia, Pisa, Roma “La Sapienza”, Udine, Politecnico of Milano, Politecnico of Torino. They offer renowned complementary expertise in modelling and characterization of nanometer-size electronic devices, analog, mixed-mode and digital IC design, electronic systems, power systems, and the development of algorithms and architectures for information processing and power generation. IU.NET has the statutory purpose of promoting research in its various application areas, and acts as a support structure for Associated Universities, coordinating the promotion and implementation of research projects with high innovative content. In conducting European and national projects, IU.NET acts as a unified interface of the Italian Universities, involving from time to time those units with demonstrated competence in the project's themes, and taking care of the scientific and administrative reporting of the activities carried out.

In CONVERGENCE, IUNET will carry out advanced research and prototyping activities focused on a few WPs based on the diversified and complementary competences offered by the joined university teams. IUNET leads WP3 on energy harvesting and a few other tasks in the project. IUNET technical contributions are focused on: (i) modeling and simulation of transduction mechanisms and electrical behavior of sensor devices (WP1 and WP2); (ii) deployment of micro-/nano-power analog interfaces for sensing and advanced power conversion circuits (WP1 and WP3); (iii) design flows for low-power compression and coding techniques for sensors (WP3 and WP5); (iv) validation of sensing for frailty assessment in outpatient clinics (WP1 and WP7). The IUNET units involved in the project are: University of Bologna (WP1, WP2, WP3, WP5), University of Ferrara (WP3), University of Rome “La Sapienza” (WP1 and WP7), University of Udine (WP1 and WP3). IUNET activities connect to the communication WP and especially the system integration WP, where the consortium has a direct participation. IUNET will work in strict cooperation with the partners and will pursue the exploitability and the technological transfer of the results of research.
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IUNET – Consorzio Nazionale Interuniversitario per la Nanoelettronica

Luca Selmi
Aldo Romani
With its almost 3000 employees, ENEA core mission is to undertake and provide research and innovation services in the field of new technologies and energy to PA, Industry and SMEs. This project will be implemented by the Photovoltaic and Smart Networks Division (FSN) of the ENEA Energy Department, fully based in Portici (Napoli) where almost 100 researchers operate. The mission of the FSN Division is the development of distributed and intelligent sensing technologies ranging from single sensors development to smart multi-sensor modules embedding computational intelligence capabilities for several applicative scenarios such as: Air pollution monitoring, Water cycle management, Industrial NDTs, Smart Grids, Building safety, Energy efficiency, Smart Health management. This lab has been partner, or acted as coordinator, in several EU and national research programs (e.g. COST,EERA, JTI), FP6, FP7 and H2020 projects focusing its role on new technologies for intelligent chemical sensing (H2020-COMBONDT, FP7-ENCOMB, JTI CleanSky ICARO, POR ATIMA, PON FUZI, PON SMARTAGS), also contributing its expertise in terms of the fabrication and characterization of gas sensor based on new materials (Polymers, CNT, Graphene). Within the COST program, ENEA manage the EUNetAir COST action focused on new technologies for Air Quality, investigating, in particular, pervasive technologies for citizen empowered air quality monitoring (participatory sensing) and intelligent calibration systems. Within the National Operative Research Programme (PON) ENEA has been assigned a leading role in several project focusing the efforts on distributed sensing technologies for Smart Water management (POR-SIMONA, PON-AQUASYSTEM, etc.), pervasive monitoring for intelligent energy management (PON-SEM, PON-RESNOVAE, BAITAH, ECOAPPLIANCE etc.), structural monitoring (PON-PROVACI) and medical diagnostics tools (PON-NEUROSTAR).
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Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development

Saverio De Vito
Girolamo Di Francia
The University “Campus Bio-Medico di Roma” is the first thematic Italian University dedicated to the individual healthcare. It includes Medicine, Industrial Engineering and two Master Graduate courses in Biomedical Engineering and Chemical Engineering for Sustainable development.The faculty of Engineering is characterized by a strong multidisciplinary cooperation and synergy between different internal groups. The faculty is organized in six research groups, which incorporates their forces to challenge multidisciplinary research studies. The Unit of Electronics for Sensor Systems (ESS) has a long experience in the study and development of electronic interfaces for sensor systems, especially when applied for medical devices. ESS lab has recently developed and patented an innovative device for exhaled breath sampling directly on adsorbing cartridges. The ESS lab has also designed and developed an innovative multisensorial platform based on sensing materials of biological origin (anthocyanins) for non-invasive analysis of biological fluids. ESS is involved in the project KOSMOMED, funded by the European Space Agency (http://iap.esa.int/projects/health/KosmoMed). KosmoMed aims to develop a solution for an integrated system of e-Health applications and services supporting the Health Institutions to have extensive access to health data exchange and create a multidisciplinary platform to provide professional e-Healthcare services. ESS is also involved in COR, a project funded by the Italian Space Agency (http://www.altecspace.it/nuovi-successi-in-biomedicina-spaziale-altec-vince-con- cor-e-con-rasc) for the design and realization of capacitive sensors for the remote detection of the heartbeat by a contactless procedure.
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University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome

Marco Santonico
The Microelectronics and Bioengineering Lab is part of the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering of the University of Cagliari (UniCA), Cagliari, Italy. The Lab was established in 1996 with the aim of creating and developing strong skills in the field of both analog and digital microelectronics for the students of the Electronic Engineering program of study. Since 2003 the group extended its aim to the biomedical signal processing algorithms and systems. The group is currently active on several research topics related to microelectronics, embedded systems, medical devices, biomedical signal processing and telemedicine. Beyond the scientific activity, the group holds several international patents.
For the sake of the CONVERGENCE Project, the group will deploy its expertise in medical devices development and clinical trials, building upon current and previous projects in the fields of neuroprostheses (NEBIAS, www.nebias-project.eu, FP7, and HandBot, handbot.unicampus.it/index.php/project, National Project), telecare (HEREiAM, www.hereiamproject.org, AAL Joint Programme), telerehabilitation (ReMoTO, Recovery of Movement and TelemOnitoring for rheumatic patients with hand impairment, Regional Project, and DoMoMEA, Neuromotor Home Tele-rehabilitation for stroke patients with mild-moderate disability exploiting advanced electronic devices, Regional Project).
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Università degli Studi di Cagliari

Prof. Luigi Raffo
Dr. Danilo Pani
Tagliaferri Srl is a certified Italian SME (UNI EN ISO 14001 – UNI EN ISO 9001 and SOA) with more than 30 years of experience in the Heating, Ventilation (replacing air in any space to provide high indoor air quality) and Air Conditioning (altering the properties of air to make the indoor air more comfortable) HVAC maintenance sector.
In 1996 Tagliaferri Srl has foreseen that several HVAC maintenance problems origin from air ducts, including wellbeing of buildings occupants (Indoor Air Quality - IAQ). First in Italy, Tagliaferri Srl imported from U.S.A the Abatement Technologies, Inc. for Air Ducts Cleaning, providing IAQ services. These services prevent bad smell, insufficient air in the rooms and, as shown by recent scientific publications, them could also prevent allergies, headaches, asthma, lung cancer, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases and, in some cases, premature death. Since 2010 Tagliaferri Srl is involved in R&D activities with CNR-IAC Institute (Istituto Applicazioni del Calcolo Mauro Picone) and its strong R&D Team co-developed and filed/granted an international patent of a "Method for evaluating the cleaning state of an aeration and/or conditioning plant of a room". The Tagliaferri's expertise and the capability to collaborate with researchers of the main Italian public research organization (CNR), lead this innovative technology able with a non-invasive approach to assessment the cleaning state of Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning (HVAC) system. This method is now protected by international patents and proposed by Tagliaferri Srl as service to his customers and to the stakeholders and investors for technology transfer (Licensing).
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Tagliaferri

Fabio Buccolini
Sante Tagliaferri
Domenico Vitulano
G-INP, is a member of “Communauté Université Grenoble Alpes”, which is one of the largest universities in France, with more than 62’000 students and 5’500 permanent researchers and lecturers. GINP gives access to an internationally recognized engineering degree to 1200 students every year in one of its 6 engineering schools. It has a strong research activity, with 19 joint research units with the French National Centre of Scientific Research (CNRS), in the fields of applied science, and over 200 PhD students awarded every year.
IMEP-LahC (Microelectronics, Electromagnetism and Photonics, http://imep-lahc.grenoble-inp.fr/) is active in the field of micro- and nano-electronics, micro- and nano-systems, microwaves and photonics with applications in ICT, energy harvesting and sensing. Its contributions include (i) detailed analysis and physical modelling of device operation, proposal of new device concepts for Beyond CMOS and More than Moore, (ii) radio-frequency and millimetre wave circuits for communication systems and (iii) the development of new experimental techniques or simulation tools adapted to the nanometre scale. LMGP (Materials and Physical Engineering, http://www.lmgp.grenoble-inp.fr/) is developing research in materials science and materials for biomedical engineering, with focus on ‘crystal growth’, ‘thin films, nanomaterials and nanostructures’, and ‘interactions between materials and biological matter’. The 2 laboratories are acting together within the FMNT (Federation of Micro Nano Technologies) to promote the emergence of new multi-disciplinary projects with a strong potential for innovation. Very active at European level, they are also strongly involved in industrial collaborations with large microelectronic companies as well as SMEs, and have contributed to the creation of several spin-off companies.
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Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble

Francis Balestra
Mireille Mouis
Philippe Benech
Gustavo Ardila
CEA is a French government-funded technological research organization. Drawing on its excellence in fundamental research, CEA activities cover three main areas: Energy, Information and Health Technologies, and Defense and Security. As a prominent player in the European Research Area, with an internationally acknowledged level of expertise in its core competencies, CEA is engaged in collaborative projects with leading academic and industrial partners from around the world.
Within CEA, the Technological Research Division boasts three operational institutes providing cutting edge research to improve industrial competitiveness through technology transfer: the CEA-Leti, focused on microelectronics, information & healthcare technologies, the CEA-List dedicated to technologies for digital systems, and the CEA-Liten centered on new energy technologies.

CEA- Leti serves as a bridge between basic research and industry. His mission is to create value and innovate with industry. The core competencies of Leti bring it in the core of the IoT and High Computing world combining low power solution, nanoelectronics, sensors, connectivity technologies and security. Backed by its portfolio of 2,800 patents, Leti partners with large industrials, SMEs and startups to tailor advanced solutions that strengthen their competitive positions and their high tech image. The Institute has launched 54 startups to date. Its 8,500m² of latest-generation cleanroom space feature 200mm and 300mm wafer processing of micro and nano solutions for applications ranging from space to smart devices.With a staff of more than 1,800 including 250 PhDs and post-docs, Leti is based in Grenoble, France, and has offices in Silicon Valley and Tokyo.

In the frame of the CONVERGENCE project, three departments will be involved:
  • DSYS, the System division is dedicated to research and development of sensors and their integration within consumer or industry related context. The competences rely on both the new sensor development and characterisation as well as signal processing for dedicated use (e.g. low power consumption and context capture including physiological monitoring).
  • DCOS, the silicon component division specialized in the field of CMOS integration and MEMS. In this project, the focus will on silicon integration techniques usually used for 3D integration, which will be adapted for integration of silicon chip on flexible substrates.
  • DTNM, specialized in large area printed electronics: sensors and platforms developments on flexible (glass and polymer) substrates.
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Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives

Elise Saoutieff
Thomas Ernst
STMicroelectronics (STM) is one of the world’s largest semiconductor companies with approximately 43,200 employees, over 75 sales & marketing offices in 35 countries, 11 main manufacturing sites, and with net revenues of US$ 6.90 billion in 2015.
STM is offering one of the industry’s broadest product portfolios, serves customers across the spectrum of electronics applications with innovative semiconductor solutions (e.g with innovative semiconductor solutions for Smart Driving and the Internet of Things) by leveraging its vast array of technologies, design, strategic partnerships and manufacturing strength. ST is a leading supplier of all the key technologies going into the next generations of personal consumer devices: Sensors, Microcontrollers for low and ultra-low power processing, Power and Analog components, and RF & Connectivity products. ST makes developing prototypes fast and affordable with a range of development ecosystems, including its STM32 Open Development Environment.
To keep its technology edge, ST has maintained an unwavering commitment to R&D since its creation. Almost one fifth of our people work in R&D and product design and in 2015 the Company spent about 21% of its revenue in R&D. Among the industry’s most innovative companies, ST owns and continuously refreshes a substantial patent library (~15,000 owned patents in ~9,000 patent families and 500 new patent filings).
The Company draws on a rich pool of chip fabrication technologies, including advanced FD-SOI (Fully Depleted Silicon-on-Insulator) CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor), Imaging technologies, RF-SOI (RF Silicon-On-Insulator), Bi-CMOS, BCD (Bipolar, CMOS, DMOS), and MEMS technologies.
STM Crolles and in particular the Silicon Technologies Department will be involved in the project.
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STMicroelectronics

Stephane Monfray
UCL has developed a strong expertise in the area of innovative sensor technologies that is fully relevant for this project. In particular:
• Energy Harvesting : The Electronics Circuits & Systems (ECS) group has worked for several years on more promising solutions in the frame of several PhD theses (notably G. Gosset and J. De Vos published in 2013). These two PhD researchers have created their own spin-off company called e- peas in December 2014. Innovative work is on-going in UCL :
- J. De Vos, D. Flandre and D. Bol, “A Sizing Methodology for On-Chip Switched-Capacitor DC/DC Converters”, in IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems-I, pp. 1597-1606, 2014.
- Bol, David ; Boufouss, El Hafed ; Flandre, Denis ; De Vos, Julien. "A 0.48mm2 5μW-10mW Indoor-Outdoor PV Energy-Harvesting Management Unit in a 65nm SoC based on a Single Bidirectional Multi-Gain/Multi-Mode Switched-Cap Converter with Supercap Storage". 41th European Solid-State Circuits Conference (ESSCIRC 2015) (Graz, Austria)
• Smart miniaturized environmental sensors : UCL has been active in the development of flow, gas, pressure, temperature and optical sensors in thin-film SOI technology since 2000 (J. Laconte's PhD thesis, 2006). This technology is now recognized as the most adequate for the integration of multi- functional monitoring sensor platform with low-power and high-temperature performance). In the recent European SOI-HITS project (2011-2014), UCL contributed with the development of water vapour, light and temperature sensors and interface circuits built on a SOI platform (Flandre et al. "Analog/RF, sensors and MEMS in SOI: demos and performance assessment". Invited at SOI Workshop, Silicon Saxony Day, Dresden, Germany, 2015).
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Université catholique de Louvain

Denis Flandre
David Bol
Elektronikas un datorzinātņu institūts - EDI (eng.: Institute of Electronics and Computer Science) is a public research institution founded in 1960. It has more than 80 researchers working on innovative technologies in the fields of electronics and computer science. Main fields of competence are signal processing, cyber-physical systems, hardware and software prototyping, smart wearable systems, wireless sensor networks, embedded devices, industrial controllers, smart integrated systems, machine learning, precise timing, intelligent transport systems etc. Expertise of EDI can be complemented by its close collaboration with universities, research institutions and industry. EDI have coordinated and participated in numerous EU joint research projects.
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Elektronikas un datorzinātņu institūts

Modris Greitans
Kaspars Ozols
IMT-Bucharest (www.imt.ro ) was founded in 1993 as Institute of Microtechnology and since 1996 it became National Institute coordinated by Ministry of Education and Research. Its mission is devoted to research and development in micro-nanotechnologies, technology transfer, education and training and is implemented by 180 people. IMT-Bucharest strategic role is reflected by a multidisciplinary research, and involvement in 200 national and 50 EU projects (last 10 years) with more than 120 different partners from 25 countries. IMT-Bucharest displays a broad range of experimental and computing resources for micro- and nanotechnologies, from simulation and design techniques, to characterization tools and processing equipments (class 100 clean room, mask shop, nanoprocessing)
The Laboratory of Microsystems for Biomedical and Environmental Applications is performing research with a focus on the development of chemo and biosensors: ISFET, electrochemical sensors, resonant sensors, microsensor arrays; technologies for sensor integration (silicon, plastic, glass), data processing, GUI, autonomous platforms for biomedical usage, food control and pollutant gases detection.
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National Institute for R&D in Microtechnologies

Carmen Moldovan
Irina Stanciu
The Transilvania University of Brasov (UTBV) is a Romanian public academic institution with over 800 full-time scientists and professors and around 20,000 students (including over 500 students in PhD programs). The Department of Automation and Information Technology is affiliated to the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences. It has participated in / coordinated numerous European and National research projects with focus on biomedical engineering (e.g. MD-Paedigree, HEART, etc.), and has strong know-how in modelling and simulation (both mathematical modelling and data-driven modelling, i.e. machine learning), and high performance computing (GPU/cloud/cluster). The modelling of the human physiology is one of the major research directions in the department: the research activities have focused on the development of models and tools for the understanding, non-invasive diagnosis and treatment of pathologies in the cardiovascular system.
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Universitatea Transilvania din Braşov

Lucian Mihai Itu
Tallinn University of Technology (TTU, established 1918) is one of the known universities in the field of biomedical engineering in Baltic-Nordic region of Europe. The main research field of Thomas Johann Seebeck Department of Electronics at the TTU is cognitive electronics, including sensing, signal processing and information extraction from sensor data, mostly but not only, in the field of biology and medicine. The most successful projects are in the developing of electrical bio-impedance based sensing methods implemented in implantable cardiac pacemakers for obtaining the reliable information for automatic control of the pacing rate: collaboration with the world-wide medical technology companies St Jude Medical and Guidant/Boston Scientific (USA), several patents, nomination of the research for the European Inventor Award in 2011. Continuing research with North Estonian Medical Centre and Central City Hospital of Tallinn in non-invasive sensing and characterizing of cardiovascular system towards continuous monitoring of blood pressure with variable sensors based on bio-impedance spectroscopy and optical measurements.
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Tallinn University of Technology

Mart Min
Middle East Technical University (METU) is an international state university founded in 1956, which has been the leading and one of the most competitive universities in Turkey. METU has involved in about 60 FP6 projects and more than 70 FP7 projects, highest number from any university in Turkey.
METU-MEMS Center is one of the research Centers of METU which is directly reporting to the office of the President. In METU-MEMS Center, a wide-variety of microsensors and components has been developed, including piezoresistive and capacitive pressure sensors, low-cost CMOS infrared detectors, accelerometers, gyroscopes, humidity sensors, temperature sensors, frost sensors, DNA analysis systems, biosensors, micro power generators, and various RF MEMS components. During these activities, METU-MEMS Center has collaborated with a number of national/international partners such as, IMEC (one of the largest microelectronics/MEMS Center in Europe), University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, Arizona State University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, ASELSAN (the largest electronics company in Turkey), TOFAS (the largest automotive company in Turkey), and ARCELIK (also known as BEKO, the largest household appliances company in Turkey). With the help of these collaborations and the success of the projects, METU-MEMS Center gained a well-deserved recognition both in national and international arenas. Based on this good reputation, the IEEE/ASME MEMS 2006 conference (the most prestigious international conference in the field) was held in Istanbul, Turkey, being the 4th country in Europe (after Germany, The Netherlands, and Switzerland) that could organize this conference. In 2009, METU-MEMS Center has been selected as a Center of Excellence by the European Commission to be funded under a 3-year FP7 Research Potential (REG- POT) project which aims to upgrade the RTD capacity and capability of the Center, in addition to improving its integration with the European Research Area. Over 90 people are employed at the Center, including 7 faculty members, 5 post-docs, and over 50 graduate students. Furthermore, 6 spin-offs, employing around 55 researchers, are founded, originating from the Center.
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Middle East Technical University

Haluk Külah
Tayfun Akin